Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Organization and Nature of Operations and Basis of Presentation

Organization and Nature of Operations and Basis of Presentation
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2019
Accounting Policies [Abstract]  
Organization and Nature of Operations and Basis of Presentation
Organization and Nature of Operations and Basis of Presentation
Quintana Energy Services Inc. (either individually or together with its subsidiaries, as the context requires, the “Company,” “QES,” “we,” “us,” and “our”) is a Delaware corporation that was incorporated on April 13, 2017. Our accounting predecessor, Quintana Energy Services LP (“QES LP” and “Predecessor”), was formed as a Delaware partnership on November 3, 2014. In connection with our initial public offering (the “IPO”) which closed on February 13, 2018, the existing investors in QES LP and QES Holdco LLC contributed all of their direct and indirect equity interests to QES in exchange for shares of common stock in QES, and we became the holding company for the reorganized QES LP and its subsidiaries.
We are a growth-oriented provider of diversified oilfield services to leading onshore oil and natural gas exploration and production (“E&P”) companies operating in both conventional and unconventional plays in all of the active major basins throughout the United States. The Company operates through four reporting segments which are Directional Drilling, Pressure Pumping, Pressure Control and Wireline.
Initial Public Offering
As of December 31, 2017, our Predecessor had approximately 417,441,074 common units outstanding and 227,885,579 warrants to purchase common units outstanding. Immediately prior to the IPO on February 13, 2018, the warrants were net settled for 223,394,762 common units, and immediately thereafter our Predecessor and affiliated entities were reorganized through mergers and related transactions and 20,235,193 shares of our common stock were issued to the holders of equity in our Predecessor at a ratio of 1 share of our common stock for 31.669363 common units of our Predecessor (with elimination of fractional shares) (the “Merger Transactions”). On February 13, 2018, immediately after the Merger Transactions, but prior to our IPO, our Predecessor’s Former Term Loan (as defined below) was extinguished and in partial consideration therefore 3,363,208 shares were issued to our Predecessor’s Former Term Loan lenders based on the price to the public of our IPO (representing 1 share of common stock for each $10.00 in Former Term Loan obligations converted) (together with the “Merger Transactions”, the “Reorganization Transactions”).
The gross proceeds of the IPO to the Company, at the public offering price of $10.00 per share, were $92.6 million, which resulted in net proceeds to the Company of approximately $87.0 million, after deducting $5.6 million of underwriting discounts and commissions associated with the shares sold by the Company, excluding approximately $5.3 million in offering expenses payable by the Company. Taking together the Reorganization Transactions and the issuance of 9,259,259 shares of our common stock to the public in our IPO, as of February 13, 2018, we had 32,857,660 shares outstanding immediately following our IPO. Subsequent to our IPO, we issued 139,921 shares in connection with the vesting of awards under our Predecessor’s 2015 LTIP Plan on February 22, 2018, and 260,529 shares of our common stock were issued on March 8, 2018 in consideration of vesting of awards under our Predecessor’s 2017 LTIP which we assumed. In connection with both awards, certain shares were withheld to satisfy tax obligations of the holder of the award, which shares are currently treasury shares totaling 136,585 shares of common stock. Also in connection with the consummation of the IPO, on March 9, 2018, the underwriters exercised their overallotment option to purchase an additional 372,824 shares of common stock of QES, which resulted in additional net proceeds of approximately $3.5 million (the “Option Exercise”), net of underwriter’s discounts and commission of $0.1 million. Upon the completion of the Reorganization Transactions, the IPO and the Option Exercise, QES had 33,630,934 shares of common stock outstanding.
The net proceeds received from the IPO and a $13.0 million drawdown on the New ABL Facility (described below) were used to fully repay the Company’s revolving credit facility balance of $81.1 million and repay $12.6 million of the Company’s $40.0 million, 10% Former Term Loan due 2020, as described in “Note 4 - Long-Term Debt”. The remaining proceeds from the IPO were used for general corporate purposes.
Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements were prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”). These interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial accounts include all QES accounts and all of our subsidiaries. All inter-company transactions and account balances have been eliminated upon consolidation.
The accompanying interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have not been audited by the Company’s independent registered public accounting firm, except that the Consolidated Balance Sheet at December 31, 2018, is derived from previously audited consolidated financial statements. In the opinion of management, all material adjustments, consisting of normal recurring adjustments, necessary for fair statement have been included.

Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior year financial statements to conform to the current period financial statement presentation. Included in the reclassifications is a change to the classification methodology in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations for direct operating costs and general and administrative costs. Historically, and through December 31, 2018, certain direct operating costs related to business operations were classified and reported as general and administrative costs ("G&A"). The historical classification was consistent with the information used by our chief operating decision maker ("CODM") to assess performance of our segments and make resource allocation decisions, and the classification of such costs within the condensed consolidated statements of income was aligned with the segment presentation. Effective January 1, 2019, we changed the classification of certain of these costs in our segment reporting disclosures and within the condensed consolidated statements of income to reflect a change in the presentation of the information used by the Company’s CODM. For the three months ended March 31, 2018, we reclassified certain cost from G&A to direct operating costs, which decreased G&A by $9.6 million and increased direct operating cost by $9.6 million.
This reclassification of costs between direct operating costs and G&A has no net impact to the condensed consolidated statements of income or to total segment reporting. The change will better reflect the CODM's philosophy on assessing performance and allocating resources, as well as improve comparability to our peer group. This is a change in costs classification and has been reflected retrospectively for all periods presented.
These interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared pursuant to the rules and regulations of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) for interim financial information. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and notes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. Therefore, these interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements and notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2018 (“2018 Annual Report”) filed with the SEC on March 8, 2019. The operating results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for any other interim period or for the full year.
There have been no material changes to the Company’s critical accounting policies or estimates from those disclosed in the 2018 Annual Report. The Company adopted certain accounting policies including the adoption of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-02, Leases, effective January 1, 2019. This ASU requires lessees to recognize an operating lease asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet.
Accounting Pronouncements
Recently Adopted Accounting Standard Update
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-2, Leases ("Topic 842"), to provide guidance for the accounting for leasing transactions. The standard requires the lessee to recognize a lease liability along with a right-of-use ("ROU") asset for all leases with a term longer than one year. A lessee is permitted to make an accounting policy election by class of underlying asset to not recognize the lease liability and related ROU asset for leases with a term of one year or less. The provisions of this standard also apply to situations where the Company is the lessor. The requirements in this update are effective during interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018. The Company adopted this new guidance effective January 1, 2019. ASC 842 requires a modified retrospective approach to each lease that existed at the date of initial application as well as leases entered into after that date. Under the transition method selected by QES, leases existing at, or entered into after, January 1, 2019 were required to be recognized and measured. Prior period amounts have not been adjusted and continue to be reflected in accordance with QES historical accounting. The Company has elected to report all leases at the beginning of the period of adoption and not restate its comparative periods. The adoption of ASU No. 2016-02 is discussed below and in Note 5 to our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements herein.
The standard had a material impact on our unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets, but did not have an impact on our unaudited condensed consolidated income statements. The most significant impact was the recognition of ROU assets and lease liabilities for operating leases, while our accounting for finance leases remained substantially unchanged.
The Company has elected to adopt the following practical expedients upon the transition date to Topic 842 on January 1, 2019:

Transitional practical expedients package: An entity may elect to apply the listed practical expedients as a package to all the leases that commenced before the effective date. The practical expedients are:
The entity need not reassess whether any expired or existing contracts are or contain leases;
The entity need not reassess the lease classification for expired or existing contracts;
The entity need not reassess initial direct costs for any existing leases.

Use of portfolio approach: An entity can apply this guidance to a portfolio of leases with similar characteristics if the entity reasonably expects that the application of the lease model to the portfolio would not differ materially from the application of the lease model to the individual leases in that portfolio. This approach can also be applied to other aspects of the lease guidance for which lessees/lessors need to make judgments and estimates, such as determining the discount rate and determining and reassessing the lease term.
Accounting Standard Update not yet adopted
In June 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-07, Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718), Improvements to Nonemployee Share-Based Payment Accounting. This ASU is intended to simplify aspects of stock-based compensation issued to non-employees by making the guidance consistent with the accounting for employee stock-based compensation. The guidance is effective for the Company for the fiscal year beginning January 1, 2020. While the exact impact of this standard is not known, the guidance is not expected to have a material impact on the Company’s unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, as non-employee stock compensation is nominal relative to the Company's total expenses as of March 31, 2019.